What happened in agriculture in Turkey in 2017?

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Adsız1The developments that marked 2017;

  • According to the Turkey Statistical Institute data, in the first 9-month period of 2017, the Turkish economy grew by 7.4 percent, while the agriculture increased by 3.3 percent in the same period.
  • The agricultural support budget was determined as 12.8 billion TL for the year 2017. But supports were announced for the first time so late (18th August).
  • The National Agricultural Policy was put into practice as of January 1, 2017. With the basin based support model in herbal production, 21 products were supported in 941 basins. Support payments were paid in two installments. In animal husbandry, “breeding region”, “fat region” and “milk and industrial region” were created and supports were differentiated.
  • In 2017 imports lived its ‘golden year’. Grain, pulses, feedstuffs, live animals and red meat customs duties were reduced or eliminated in the framework of food price reduction and inflation-fighting program.
  • General Directory of Meat and Milk Board has been given zero import duties live animal and red meat, and Turkish Grain Board has given grain products also.
  • When the harvest in cereals began the Cabinet Decision published in the Official Gazette dated June 27, 2017 reduced the customs duty from 130 per cent to 45 per cent for wheat imports, 35 per cent for barley and 25 per cent for corn. On the same day, customs duties on live cattle imports were reduced to 26 percent from 135 percent. In the carcass meat reduced the customs tax rate from 100 percent to 225 percent to 40 percent. Previous imports of fatling animals reduced the customs tax from 60 to 10 percent.
  • The Council of Ministers’ decisions published in the Official Gazette dated November 22, 2017, some products such as oil seeds, herbs used in medicine, straw and coarse feed, animal feed products the customs tax rates were re-determined. While the customs tax was zero for coarse feed and bran types, some products were reduced to 20 percent in some were reduced to 10 per cent.
  • The customs tax was also zero in the import of chickpeas, dried beans, kidney bean and cowpea species with the decision of the Council of Ministers published in the Official Gazette on December 2, 2017. The application will continue until June 1, 2018.
  • The scope of the amendment in the Council of Ministers, Food, Agriculture and Livestock Minister Faruk Çelik handed over his duty to Ahmet Eşref Fakıbaba in July. As with each minister change, high-ranking bureaucrats and agricultural policy changed. Ahmet Eşref Fakıbaba focused on red meat. He announced that the meat imports will continue for another 3 years. Import of live animals and red meat was further increased but he stated that meat imports will decrease over time. Sales of “cheap meat” started in market chains.
  • The Ziraat Bank which meets 60% of the loans granted in the agricultural sector by itself, the agricultural support of the farmers, and many other agricultural services, has been transferred to the Asset Fund.
  • As in the last year, the echoes of the tomato crisis continued with Russia in 2017. Against to the Russia’s embargo, Turkey stopped 6 agricultural products was imported from Russia. Turkey used the wheat trump against tomatoes, but after 45 days, he gave up this block. Russia’s prohibition on tomato imports continued until the end of the year. The crisis was overcome as Russia allowed 50 firms to import 50 thousand tons of tomatoes in October.
  • The Turkish Grain Board has intervened in the hazelnut market after 8 years. Because the hazelnut price was reduced, the board was commissioned this season. In addition, the board was commissioned for the first time with the purchase of raisins in the Aegean region. General Directory of Meat and Milk Board continued to intervene in the red meat and milk market.
  • Although the production and use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in food is prohibited in Turkey, the bread produced in Adana was detected in GMO.
  • Turkey has imported straw again in 2017 after 5 years break.
  • Malatya apricots have been registered geographically from the European Union.
  • Resolution which will open olive field to mining investment and zoning for the 7th time in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey was rejected.
  • The world’s largest olive oil museum, “Köstem Olive Oil Museum” opened in İzmir Urla.
  • The whirlwind that lives in Antalya caused tens of millions of liras.
  • Mahindra, one of the biggest tractors in the world, bought Erkunt Tractor, which is 100% domestic.
  • The Sugar Foundation and the Tobacco and Alcohol Market Regulatory Authority were closed down and transferred to the Ministry of Agriculture.

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farmingAn international food and beverage company (PepsiCO) has done an research about what do young generation think about farming profession. Do they want to work this area? For this purpose, a total of 800 hundred students, 400 of whom are students trained in agricultural departments and others are children of farmers, were interviewed. According to the research, a vast majority of young, like 65.5 percent, are Continue reading

Cold-resistant bean seed produced

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Report of maize 2016 in Turkey

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According to ZMO’s (The Chamber of Agricultural Engineers) field research, in the 2016 production season, cultivation areas of the maize are 680 thousand hectares, its production are 6.4 million tons and its yield are 9.41 ton/ha in Turkey. In comparison with the year 2015 in yield and in cultivation areas a slight decrease are observed. In 2015 cultivation areas of the maize are Continue reading