Until 1950s variety development and seed production studies were only centred on cold climate cereals and remained merely limited. Between 1950s and 1980s there were partial increase in the number of seed varieties. But in 1980s in this sector was modified important changes on its basic politics and made transition from a public based seed supply system to was allowed a private sector. The economy was liberated and as a result of the removal of restrictions on foreign trade of seed private sector investments opened the front. So a lot of domestic or foreign seed production companies entered in the market. As a result of this the number of private seed production company, capacity and activities increased rapidly and has become mainly a private sector.
Turkey became member of ISTA (International Seed Testing Association) in 1963 and Organization for OECD (Economic Co-operation and Development) Certification System (in the arable crops and forage crops categories) in 1968 also.
Variety Registration and Seed Certification Center established in Ankara in 2001 was accepted as a accredited labs by ISTA.
Turkey is still taking part in all of the OECD arable crops and forage crops seeds except some kind of clovers. In 2007 Turkey in some vegetable seed has been included in the OECD System.
Turkey has become a member of UPOV (International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants) since 2007.
As the only representative of the private sector in the Turkey Seed Industry Association (TURK-TED) in Istanbul in 1986 established a structure completely autonomous.
In 2006 Turkey Seed Growers Association (TÜRKTOB) has founded according to Seed Law No.5553 prepared by Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock) in Ankara. Turkey Seed Growers Association is a professional organization in the nature of public institutions, having legal personality.
Turkey Seed Growers Association consist of seven sub unions.
- Sub-Union of Plant Breeders
- Sub-Union of Sapling Manufacturers
- Sub-Union of Seedling Growing
- Sub-Union of Ornamental Plants Producers
- Sub-Union of Seed Distributors
- Sub-Union of Seed Industrialists and Producers
- Sub-Union of Seed Growers
Natural or legal person involved in seed sectors activities must be a member of related this sub unions.
There are 769 seed production companies in these days. And the production of certified seed have increased about 900.000 tons.