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medicinalplantsThere are belong to 174 family 1.251 genus, more than 12.000 species and varieties of medicinal and aromatic plants in Turkey flora. In addition Turkey is gene center of many plants.

This situation stem from different climate and ecologic conditions, three different plant geographic regions, diversity of topographic, geologic, geomorphologic and soil, distinctness of altitude between 0-5.000 meter, deep canyons, different ecosystems etc.

Turkey has got great economic potential with regard to medicinal and aromatic plants both collected from nature and taken from cultivation plants.

About 200 species of natural medicinal and aromatic plants have been sold in domestic herbs store.

Number of plants of collected from nature are approximately 100 species. Among them count of endemic species are 35.

Number of plants of taken from cultivation are not much (Table:1).

Table:1 Amount of medicinal and aromatic plants taken from cultivate and their cultivated areas
Plants 2011 2012 2013 2014
Area (da) Producing (tons) Area (da) Producing (tons) Area (da) Producing (tons) Area (da) Producing (tons)
Poppy 549.110 40.979 135.106 3.497 322.773 19.244 266.212 16.223
Cumin 200.117 13.193 226.294 13.900 247.045 17.050 224.421 15.570
Anasone 211.542 14.879 194.430 11.023 152.431 10.046 140.506 9.309
Fennel 15.775 1.862 13.848 1.994 15.848 2.289
Coriander 11 1 11 1 11 1
Black sesame 2.299 161 3.261 352 1.717 140
Fenugreek 1.055 141 645 67 1.678 195 1.979 218
Thyme 77.707 10.953 94.283 11.598 89.137 13.658 92.959 11.752
Salvia 54 7 30 4 130 19
Hops 3.570 1.759 3.442 1.752 3.544 1.852 3.530 1.832
Rose (for oil) 18.000 6.000 30.832 10.225 28.012 10.769 28.359 10.831
Lavender 509 123 709 105 2.189 297
Purslane 3.446 5.501 4.062 6.945 4.073 7.102 5.797
Dill 2.977 2.836 3.259 2.901 4.167 3.806 4.603
Parsley 45.401 54.956 48.681 56.614 49.856 57.619 58.351
Mint 11.041 12.160 10.469 12.598 10.646 14.163 14.700
Rocket 4.481 4.524 6.434 7.689 7.181 8962 8.791
Cress 3.575 2.750 4.447 4.446 6.051 7.371 8.732
Stinging nettle 3 0,42 3 0,42 3 0,42

Turkey gains approximately 140 million dollars from exportation of medicinal and aromatic plants (Table:2).

Table:2 Turkey’s exportation of medicinal and aromatic plants
Plants 2010 2011 2012 2013
Amount (tons) Value (1000 $) Amount (tons) Value (1000 $) Amount (tons) Value (1000 $) Amount (tons) Value (1000 $)
Bayleaf 8.891 25.618 10.483 29.965 9.345 26.143 10.690 32.268
Thyme 12.957 28.141 13.977 39.958 13.159 29.854 14.813 56.324
Salvia 1.642 6.148 1.489 5.851 1.771 6.510 1.416 6.336
Anasone 923 5.375 1.838 6.323 982 3.907 1.944 7.889
Coriander 29 60 61 101 67 81 228 566
Cumin 7.695 17.814 3.750 10.202 7.316 20.424 7.941 20.574
Fennel 857 2429 948 2.724 894 2.530 942 2.688
Fenugreek 155 257 57 80 76 104 67 106
Mahaleb 52 484 144 1.746 799 974 101 1.716
Licorice 292 523 433 810 315 637 621 1.258
Locust 2.135 3.319 2.454 3.206 2.198 2.903 2.357 3.065
Linden 116 1033 61 896 86 1.017 67 974
Sumac 21 63 1.195 2.564 1.213 2.543 1.292 3.013
Rosemary 685 1.540 663 1.700 641 1.576 758 1.943
Black sesame 35 137 43 170 28 127 65 219
Mint 572 1.574 166 805 327 1146 189 1.010
Total 37.063 94.521 37.762 107.101 39.217 100.476 42.556 137.269
Others 700 7.256 1.034 3.547 460 2.860 1.248 3.852
Grand Total 37.763 101.777 38.796 110.648 39.677 103.336 43.804 141.121medicinalplants

Source: Magazine of Turkey Seed Growers Association

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