This year, wheat production fell not only in Turkey, but also in the world in the World. When the drought occurred in four continents, wheat production decreased by 42 million tons globally from 758 million tons to 716 million tons. For the first time, wheat production remained under the consumption. Stocks activated. With the impact of the decline in production, the world wheat prices are rising rapidly. Continue reading
The developments that marked 2017;
- According to the Turkey Statistical Institute data, in the first 9-month period of 2017, the Turkish economy grew by 7.4 percent, while the agriculture increased by 3.3 percent in the same period.
- The agricultural support budget was determined as 12.8 billion TL for the year 2017. But supports were announced for the first time so late (18th August).
- The National Agricultural Policy was put into practice as of January 1, 2017. With the basin based support model in herbal production, 21 products were supported in 941 basins. Support payments were paid in two installments. In animal husbandry, “breeding region”, “fat region” and “milk and industrial region” were created and supports were differentiated.
- In 2017 imports lived its ‘golden year’. Grain, pulses, feedstuffs, live animals and red meat customs duties were reduced or eliminated in the framework of food price reduction and inflation-fighting program.
- General Directory of Meat and Milk Board has been given zero import duties live animal and red meat, and Turkish Grain Board has given grain products also.
- When the harvest in cereals began the Cabinet Decision published in the Official Gazette dated June 27, 2017 reduced the customs duty from 130 per cent to 45 per cent for wheat imports, 35 per cent for barley and 25 per cent for corn. On the same day, customs duties on live cattle imports were reduced to 26 percent from 135 percent. In the carcass meat reduced the customs tax rate from 100 percent to 225 percent to 40 percent. Previous imports of fatling animals reduced the customs tax from 60 to 10 percent.
- The Council of Ministers’ decisions published in the Official Gazette dated November 22, 2017, some products such as oil seeds, herbs used in medicine, straw and coarse feed, animal feed products the customs tax rates were re-determined. While the customs tax was zero for coarse feed and bran types, some products were reduced to 20 percent in some were reduced to 10 per cent.
- The customs tax was also zero in the import of chickpeas, dried beans, kidney bean and cowpea species with the decision of the Council of Ministers published in the Official Gazette on December 2, 2017. The application will continue until June 1, 2018.
- The scope of the amendment in the Council of Ministers, Food, Agriculture and Livestock Minister Faruk Çelik handed over his duty to Ahmet Eşref Fakıbaba in July. As with each minister change, high-ranking bureaucrats and agricultural policy changed. Ahmet Eşref Fakıbaba focused on red meat. He announced that the meat imports will continue for another 3 years. Import of live animals and red meat was further increased but he stated that meat imports will decrease over time. Sales of “cheap meat” started in market chains.
- The Ziraat Bank which meets 60% of the loans granted in the agricultural sector by itself, the agricultural support of the farmers, and many other agricultural services, has been transferred to the Asset Fund.
- As in the last year, the echoes of the tomato crisis continued with Russia in 2017. Against to the Russia’s embargo, Turkey stopped 6 agricultural products was imported from Russia. Turkey used the wheat trump against tomatoes, but after 45 days, he gave up this block. Russia’s prohibition on tomato imports continued until the end of the year. The crisis was overcome as Russia allowed 50 firms to import 50 thousand tons of tomatoes in October.
- The Turkish Grain Board has intervened in the hazelnut market after 8 years. Because the hazelnut price was reduced, the board was commissioned this season. In addition, the board was commissioned for the first time with the purchase of raisins in the Aegean region. General Directory of Meat and Milk Board continued to intervene in the red meat and milk market.
- Although the production and use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in food is prohibited in Turkey, the bread produced in Adana was detected in GMO.
- Turkey has imported straw again in 2017 after 5 years break.
- Malatya apricots have been registered geographically from the European Union.
- Resolution which will open olive field to mining investment and zoning for the 7th time in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey was rejected.
- The world’s largest olive oil museum, “Köstem Olive Oil Museum” opened in İzmir Urla.
- The whirlwind that lives in Antalya caused tens of millions of liras.
- Mahindra, one of the biggest tractors in the world, bought Erkunt Tractor, which is 100% domestic.
- The Sugar Foundation and the Tobacco and Alcohol Market Regulatory Authority were closed down and transferred to the Ministry of Agriculture.
Turkish Minister of Customs and Trade Mr. Bülent TÜFENKCİ said that Turkey is in the top five countries about produce of qualified cotton. When we look at it, approximately 80 percent of the world’s cotton production is carried out by 8 countries in which Turkey is located. Also Turkey is the country where the most productive cotton production is made among the countries that produce 100% Continue reading
One of the most important problems to be experienced in the future is adequate and healty nutrition. The necessary measures in this regard should be taken. It is the most important solution to achive
According to Ali Ekber Yıldırım who is agricultural writer there are a lot of wrong in agricultural production against to the Turkish farmers.
Farmers in Turkey have to struggle not only with natural conditions but only with uncertainties. Continue reading
Turkey has big potential about geographical indications. There are approximately 2500 products which they can be registered. But there are just 200 geographical indications products in domestic and only 3 products received from European Union (EU).
Until the beginning of July 2017, Turkey’s products with geographical indications taken from EU are just two. One of them is Aydın figs and the other is Gaziantep Baklava. These number have reached three with Malatya apricots. Continue reading
In January egg prices increased up to 0,35 Turkish Liras and it saw the Summit. After seven months later, prices decreased to 0.16 liras.
The head of YUMBİR (Turkish Egg Producers Association) Mr. Hasan Konya said that “A new term show up in Turkey ‘industrial egg’. This term is using eggs produced from modern poultry house. According to the created perception our eggs are not egg, they are like industrial product. After this perception our eggs’ price have reduced. Continue reading
Because domestic prices are high, the Turkish Government reduced custom duties in wheat, barley, maize, carcass meat and live animals. When opening the doors by lowering import taxes, on the same day, an examplary model in agriculture “Smyrna model” was spoken in London.
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) released a research called “Field research for agricultural financing 2016” about Turkey. Experts use data during season production of 2016-2017. They interviewed 796 producers from 58 provinces in Turkey. There are some important information in research such as demographic structure of farmers or producers, access to finance, problems of Turkey’s agriculture. Continue reading
In 2002, some volunteers have founded “Buğday(wheat) association for supporting ecological living” in Turkey. This association has addressed importance of native seeds for the continuity of agricultural biodiversity conservation, rural life and eco-friendly in order to ensure the continuity of traditional life.
In 2006, the sale of unregistered native seeds have been banned by seed law. Then Continue reading