World’s third largest seed gene bank

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The number of preserved plant species in seed gene banks which are established for protect to genetic sources of Turkish transfer of biological diversity to the next generation in Ankara and Izmir provinces reach 110 thousands. These banks work for Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock. Big one of them is in the Field Crops Central Research Institute in Ankara and the small one is in the Aegean Agricultural Research Institute in Izmir.

The first gene bank was found in Izmir province in 1974. Due to the fact that its capacity was inadequate, in 2010 the new gene bank founded in Ankara capital city of Turkey. The new gene bank takes the third place in the world after Continue reading

The importance and place of the winter vegetable species for agricultural productions in Turkey

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winter-vegetableCabbage

Turkey ranks sixteenth in the world with 720,257 tons cabbage productions. White head cabbage productions’ ratio is 1.74% in total vegetable productions. Although red head cabbage is an increase in production in recent years, its share of the total vegetable production is approximately 0.6% percent. Samsun province ranks first in terms of productions of white and red cabbage in Turkey. Other important producer provinces have given below table:1 both white and red cabbage (Table:1). Continue reading

Fields as large as the Nederland have been fallowed

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nadasOfficials of the Union of Turkish Chambers of Agriculture (TZOB) said that 4.1 million hectares fields have been fallowed in Turkey. We are not rich enough for this. In an important parts of the fallow fields can be cultivated legume by alternation.

We have a production deficit in legumes yet. Turkey has 2.5% share of production of legumes in the world. Although we were growing legume in 20 million hectares in the 1990s, today this figure dropped Continue reading

Better than Texas almond

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According to authorities of the Pistachio Research Institutealmonds, it is in the Gaziantep province in Turkey (mostly grown pistachio), 2 pistachio varieties were  obtained from free pollination American variety of almond seed Texas (primitive form-non-variety) in 1999. Selections conducted between 1999 and 2008.

They said that we used 300 primitive form of variety of Texas almond as seed. We selected them until 2008. Then we transferred them to genetic parcels. We gave name them “Bozkurt” and “Halitbey”. We are inspired Continue reading

Medicinal and aromatic plants in Turkey

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medicinalplantsThere are belong to 174 family 1.251 genus, more than 12.000 species and varieties of medicinal and aromatic plants in Turkey flora. In addition Turkey is gene center of many plants.

This situation stem from different climate and ecologic conditions, three different plant geographic regions, diversity of topographic, geologic, geomorphologic and soil, distinctness of altitude between 0-5.000 meter, deep canyons, different ecosystems etc. Continue reading

Pepper seed resistant of winter conditions is developing

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A kind of hybrid pepper seed resistant of winter conditions has been started by the Faculty of Agriculture of Ondokuz Mayıs University in Samsun.

As projepepperct coordinator Professor Doctor Ahmet Balkaya says There isn’t enough vegetables seeds resistant of winter conditions in greenhouse production in Turkey. This situation cause both yield decreasing and quality reducing in vegetable productions.

Mostly early vegetable varieties using for greenhouse breeding have been imported. So Turkey pays millions of liras for these seeds. Just for earlier pepper seeds Continue reading

2800 years old wheat and sesame seeds found in Turkey

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According to the Anadolu Agency report dated 03/anchientseed09/2016 2800 years old seeds have been found.

2800 years old wheat and sesame seeds taken from an excavation in an ancient castle in Turkey’s eastern Van province are to be brought back to life.

Some ancient wheat and sesame seeds were found during the excavations, started in the Çavuştepe Castle in Continue reading